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UK agriculture and care visas: worker exploitation and obstacles to redress

March 2024

This research report looks into the conditions attached to visa routes for both the care and agricultural sectors, known as ‘tied’ and short-term visas respectively, and the increased vulnerability to exploitation associated with these visas.

The findings show significant issues of debt and deductions of wages across both sectors and barriers to reporting concerns.

This report is based on research conducted by five academics (led by Primary Investigator Dr Inga Thiemann) in partnership with four NGOs: Focus on Labour Exploitation (FLEX), the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants (JCWI), Southeast and East Asian Centre (SEEAC) and Kanlungan Filipino Consortium (Kanlungan), with support from Unison.

The full report and report summary are available to download below.