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“So I decided to carry on…”: The continuum of exploitation in practice

February 2024

This report produced by the Labour Exploitation Advisory Group (LEAG) explores the ‘continuum of exploitation’ model which shows that workers’ experiences can be understood as existing along a ‘continuum’, or spectrum, ranging from decent work through to breaches of employment rights and at the severe end, conditions of forced labour and trafficking.

It looks at the limits of the ‘modern slavery’ approach to labour exploitation and the need for the UK to move toward a more preventative approach informed by workers’ real lived experiences.

The report is based on engagement with migrant workers with thanks to the Kanlungan Filipino Consortium, Indoamerican Refugee and Migrant Organization, Latin American Women’s Rights Service and Work Rights Centre and the workers who shared their experiences to inform this report.