Written in collaboration with Robyn Phillips from the Human Trafficking Foundation
Coalition secures commitment from London Mayoral candidates to prioritise tackling modern slavery, as identification numbers drop in the capital for the first time in eight years despite increased risk of exploitation.
Since 2012, there has been an average 37% increase in modern slavery referrals year on year. Until now. Home Office statistics published last week show the first annual decrease in referrals of modern slavery victims in eight years.
The last quarter of 2019 saw the highest numbers of individuals to ever be identified in the UK, reaching 3,350 nationally and 1,045 in London alone. However, since lockdown started in early Spring 2020, there has been an average of 14% less identified cases in the capital compared to the same periods the previous year, clearly showing the barriers to identification of victims during the pandemic.
Unfortunately, this drop in referrals is not indicative of a decrease in cases of exploitation. On the contrary, it shows the pandemic has exacerbated gaps in intelligence about victims who were being exploited by businesses that are currently closed; and with members of the public and professionals going outside less often, a falling away of education, and a decline of care services, labour market enforcement and police operations, opportunities for identification have decreased.
The longer-term impact of the recession could be catastrophic for modern slavery. With the sharp rise in unemployment, more people become vulnerable to exploitation as they will feel pressured to accept poor pay and working conditions to continue providing for themselves and their families. The reduced economy also drives the demand for cheaper goods and services, increasing the risk of exploitation.
That is why a coalition of 30 anti-trafficking organisations have written to Mayoral candidates calling on them prioritise tackling modern slavery in the capital. In the letter, the coalition outlined five priorities which would help improve London’s response to modern slavery. If elected Mayor, candidates pledged to:
We are delighted that the current Mayor Sadiq Khan, Conservative candidate Shaun Bailey Liberal Democrat candidate Luisa Porritt, Green Party candidate Siân Berry and Women’s Equality Party candidate Mandu Reid have agreed to sign the pledge, with the remaining candidates encouraged to do the same.
London has long been a hotspot for modern slavery, with the Metropolitan Police Service being the force responsible for investigating almost 30% of all cases in the UK in 2020. Following years of advocacy from both senior police and NGOs, for the first time Mayoral candidates have committed to delivering a dedicated modern slavery strategy for London, among other significant asks such as promoting secure reporting and prioritising partnership working to prevent and address exploitation in the capital.
As the recently releases statistics show, the pandemic has created barriers to the identification and support of victims of modern slavery, while also increasing risk of exploitation for people affected by the related economic crisis. We are glad to see London Mayoral candidates commit to this pledge, and look forward to working together to prevent and address exploitation in the capital.
Read the coalition’s letter to all London Mayoral candidates here.
 Signatories: AFRUCA; Anti-Slavery International; BME Anti-Slavery Network (BASNET); Caritas Bakhita House, Sharon Burgess, Chair of the London Modern Slavery Leads Network and Head of Service Safeguarding Adults Team at Enfield Council; East European Resource Centre (EERC); Every Child Protected Against Trafficking UK (ECPAT UK); Focus on Labour Exploitation (FLEX); Her Equality Rights and Autonomy (HERA); Hestia; Hibiscus Initiatives; Hope for Justice; Housing for Women; Human Trafficking Foundation; Justice and Care; Kalayaan; Latin American Women’s Rights Service (LAWRS); Love146; Medaille Trust; Shiva Foundation; SHPRESA Programme; SPACE; St Giles Trust; STOP THE TRAFFIK; The AIRE Centre; The Children’s Society; The Passage; The Salvation Army; Unseen UK and Victim Support.